Conceptual art, sometimes simply called Conceptualism, is art in which the
concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional
aesthetic and material concerns.
is an early 20th century avant-garde art movement that revolutionised
European painting and sculpture. The term is broadly used in association
with a wide variety of art produced in Paris during the 1910s and extending
through the 1920s.
Futurism (Italian: Futurismo) was an artistic and social movement that
originated in Italy in the early 20th century. It emphasised speed, technology,
youth and violence and objects such as the car, the aeroplane and the
industrial city. It was largely an Italian phenomenon, though there were
parallel movements in Russia, England and elsewhere. The Futurists practised
in every medium of art.
Hyperrealism is a genre of painting and sculpture resembling a high-resolution
photograph. Hyperrealism is considered an advancement of Photorealism
by the methods used to create the resulting paintings or sculptures.
Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement that originated with a group
of Paris-based artists. Their independent exhibitions brought them to
prominence during the 1870s and 1880s. The name of the style derives from
the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, soleil levant (Impression,
painting characteristics include relatively small, thin, yet visible brush
strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in
its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage
of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial
element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
Kinetic art is art from any medium that contains movement perceivable
by the viewer or depends on motion for its effect. Canvas paintings that
extend the viewer's perspective of the artwork and incorporate multidimensional
movement are the earliest examples of kinetic art. More pertinently speaking,
kinetic art is a term that today most often refers to three-dimensional
sculptures and figures such as mobiles that move naturally or are machine
operated. The moving parts are generally powered by wind, a motor or the
observer. Kinetic art encompasses a wide variety of overlapping techniques
Land art, earthworks (coined by Robert Smithson), or Earth art is an art
movement in which landscape and the work of art are inextricably linked.
It is also an art form that is created in nature, using natural materials
such as soil, rock (bed rock, boulders, stones), organic media (logs,
branches, leaves), and water with introduced materials such as concrete,
metal, asphalt, or mineral pigments. Sculptures are not placed in the
landscape, rather, the landscape is the means of their creation. Often
earth moving equipment is involved. The works frequently exist in the
open, located well away from civilisation, left to change and erode under
Minimalism in the arts began in postWorld War II Western Art, most
strongly with American visual arts in the 1960s and early 1970s. The term
"minimalist" often colloquially refers to anything that is spare
or stripped to its essentials.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends
and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in
Western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the factors
that shaped Modernism were the development of modern industrial societies
and the rapid growth of cities, followed then by the horror of World War
I. Modernism also rejected the certainty of Enlightenment thinking, and
many modernists rejected religious belief.
Naïve art is a classification of art that is often characterised
by a childlike simplicity in its subject matter and technique. While many
naïve artists appear, from their works, to have little or no formal
art training, this is often not true.
Op art, also known as optical art, is a style of visual art that uses
optical illusions. Op art works are abstract, with many better known pieces
in black and white. Typically, they give the viewer the impression of
movement, hidden images, flashing and vibrating patterns, or of swelling
to sites you may find interesting or useful for reference
Photorealism is a genre of art that encompasses painting, drawing and other
graphic mediums, in which an artist studies a photograph and then attempts
to reproduce the image as realistically as possible in another medium.
Pop art is an art movement that emerged in the mid-1950s in Britain and
in the late 1950s in the United States. Pop art presented a challenge to
traditions of fine art by including imagery from popular culture such as
advertising, news, etc. In pop art, material is sometimes visually removed
from its known context, isolated, and/or combined with unrelated material.
The concept of pop art refers not as much to the art itself as to the attitudes
that led to it.
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is
best known for its visual artworks and writings. The aim was to "resolve
the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality."
Artists painted unnerving, illogical scenes with photographic precision,
created strange creatures from everyday objects and developed painting techniques
that allowed the unconscious to express itself and/or an idea/concept.
- Z of Surreal Artists